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What’s the difference between Cannabis, CBD, THC, and Hemp?

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Difference between Marijuana and Hemp

India has the longest history when it comes to cannabis and it’s been used since 2000 BCE. In 2019, a study states that around 7.2 million people in India had consumed it. Well, in our country, cannabis based products are known with several names such as ganja, bhang, dum, charas, and vijaya in ayurveda. This industry is growing and people are searching for the right information. Mainly, cannabis and hemp difference is what confusing most of the people.

Cannabis – a medicinal plant, ‘Cannabis sativa’, has two main species. Species 1 is known as hemp, which does not get you high as it contains 20% or more CBD (cannabidiol) and less than 0.3% THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). Whereas species 2 is known as marijuana (you know it already), it contains 10% CBD and more than 20% THC. 

The question is how it is connected with health? CBD is a non-psychoactive compound but THC is, and this is the culprit that makes you high. These two chemical compounds interact with the endocannabinoid system of our body, which plays a vital role in our life. But the effects of these two are very different when they interact with our cannabinoid receptors. They get in touch with neurotransmitters in the brain that influences the bodily process such as sleep, stress, pain, immune system, etc. So, now you know that the key players are CBD and THC. Let us dig deep into these compounds.

What is CBD?

CBD, or Cannabidiol is one of the molecules in the cannabis family that was discovered in 1940 by Roger Adams. It does not make you feel stoned as it is a non-psychoactive derivative of cannabis. Our body has two endocannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2, where the prior receptor gets the user high. But CBD does not bind with it, in fact, it gets along with other receptors inside the body. Because CBD won’t take you on the ride of euphoria, therefore it has gained support in several medical fields. It is emerging as safe as well as potent natural therapy and it does not trigger any mental issues. The best part is that CBD can counteract the high of THC. Now let us talk about this high THC compound. 

THC makes you HIGH

THC, tetrahydrocannabinol, is that compound for which cannabis is famous as it makes the user intoxicated. It is the psychoactive compound that is present in marijuana. Tetrahydrocannabinol binds with CB1 receptors and then does its work of producing a sense of elation. Its effect starts after 10 to 30 minutes of ingestion and lasts about 2 hours. According to NKIDA, it affects things like concentration, thinking, coordination, pleasure, movements, to name a few. THC has a bad rap as this type of cannabis effects red eyes, increased heart rate and one will eventually develop an addiction if used for recreational purposes.

CBD vs THC

Both of these compounds are present in hemp and marijuana in different amounts. From here, cannabis and hemp difference comes into action. CBD in hemp is safe whereas THC in marijuana produces sensory simulation. 

CBD might be effective in treating crohn disease, anxiety, seizure disorder, parkinson disease and many more. Whereas THC may treat spasticity and it should be consumed in small amounts otherwise its overdose will increase pain symptoms. It is worth noting that these cannabinoids can show up in the drug tests as they are stored in the body’s fat. 

What is Hemp?

Hemp, also known as industrial hemp comes from cannabis sativa plant and serves an array of purposes such as clothing, building material, food, and body care. It’s been used for over 50,000 different purposes and is the strongest natural fiber in the world. Hemp does include THC, which is not strong enough to get you stoned. The best thing is hemp-derived CBD is growing at a high pace in the world. Furthermore, CBD oil that is extracted from the flowers as well as leaves of the hemp could treat several ailments. In today’s time, CBD has taken the place at the pinnacle and people are showing interest in getting to know cannabis and hemp difference so that they can count on the best one. Well, ayurveda considers cannabis as medicine, and it is one of the 5 sacred plants in Vedas. There is no doubt that India is using it since ancient time but it’s not yet completely legalized.

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International Book of Records – Women’s Health Awareness Camp 2021

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यत्र नार्यस्तु पूज्यन्ते रमन्ते तत्र देवताः ।
यत्रैतास्तु न पूज्यन्ते सर्वास्तत्राफलाः क्रियाः ॥

Being a man or a woman has a significant impact on health, as a result of both biological and gender-related differences. The health of women and girls is of particular concern because, in many societies, they are disadvantaged by discrimination rooted in sociocultural factors.

Some of the sociocultural factors that prevent women and girls to benefit from quality health services and attaining the best possible level of health include:

  • unequal power relationships between men and women;
  • social norms that decrease education and paid employment opportunities;
  • an exclusive focus on women’s reproductive roles; and
  • the potential or actual experience of physical, sexual, and emotional violence

This International Women Day let’s create awareness on Women Health together. We at Hempstreet would like to take this opportunity to introduce you to the International Book of Records – Women’s Health Awareness camp 2021 which is scheduled for the 6th of March 2021 on the occasion of Women’s Day 2021.

Hempstreet is India’s first research to retail venture in the ayurvedic cannabis sector. We are working in conjunction with top-notch scientists to conduct R&D around safe medication utilizing cannabis to be provided via our network of over 60,000 medical practitioners and 220 clinics around India.

We strive to bring an effective and responsible usage of cannabis, especially on the pain relief front, to our potential patient base of over 35 million individuals. Recently we have developed an Ayurvedic Pain reliever namely Trailokya Vijaya Vati which is very useful in abdominal cramps during menstruation.

To know more reach us at Hempstreet

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Trailokya Vijaya Vati: Providing relief in multiple joint pains

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pain relief medicine

Abstract: This is a clinical case study of a 72-year-old female with multiple joint pains and Rheumatoid arthritis in both upper and lower extremities and how Trailokya Vijaya Vati helped her cope with the condition and add quality to her life.

Ayurveda Perspective 

The description of AMAVATA dates back to 1500 BC in Rigveda. The main pathogenic event in RA is the formation and deposition of AAMA which is the causative factor for inflammation.
Restoration of AGNI and management of SHOOLA are the two basic principles in the treatment of AMAVATA. The TIKTA rasa and USHNA guna of Vijaya makes it is choice of drug for the treatment of RA and multiple joint pains.

 Introduction

Rheumatoid Arthritis is a long-term, progressive, and disabling autoimmune disease. It causes inflammation, swelling, and pain in and around the joints and other body organs.
RA usually affects the hands and feet first but it can occur in any joint. It usually involves the same joints on both sides of the body.

The symptoms of RA tend to come and go. During a remission, they can disappear, or they can be mild. However, during a flare, they can be severe. The joint damage that occurs with RA can make it difficult to perform daily activities.

Case Report

Patient description

This patient with the age of 72 Years had rheumatoid arthritis and multiple joints pain in both upper and lower extremities. She was walking with a tremendous amount of pain, and her gait could quickly tell how excruciating the pain was there for her to bear. She also complained of digestive disturbances and disturbed sleep.

Case history

This old lady was on potent pain killer as Voveran 50mg and Ultracet daily. The adverse side effects of these pain killers were visible on her body with her gut became acidic as she presented with severe gastritis pain whenever she took chemical pain killers to combat her pain issues. To beat gastritis and pain, she also started to take modern anta acids that troubled her digestion.

Treatment plan

Medicines to be used – Trailokya Vijaya Vati. After a thorough clinical examination, she was prescribed with TrilokayaVijayaVati with one tablet three times a day for a period of seven days initially.

Expected outcome of the treatment plan

The expected outcome was to relieve her of the pain, inflammation, improve digestion, and that the patient should get a sound sleep. 

Actual outcome

Even this small duration of a week was sufficient enough in this case to witness the painkilling effects of Cannabis or Vijaya. The one week use of ‘TrilokayaVijayaVati’ helped her not to consume synthetic pain killers, her quality of sleep improved with no pain induced nights, her digestion got enhanced during the process. She presented with an improved gait and walk when she walked into the clinic after a period of one week.

Discussion

As mentioned in Ayurveda the line of treatment was decided with an aim of restoration of AGNI and management of SHOOLA. 
The patient got relief from most of her complaints within a week of starting with the treatment.

Conclusion

In the last 50 years, extensive research has been done on RA and multiple joint pains associated with it by modern medicine but the etiology and a standard line of treatment are still developing. New research has revealed various biological agents that have provided relief to a significant number of patients. However, these agents are very expensive, require close monitoring, have side effects, and need to be used indefinitely. 

A result from several small studies suggests that in people with RA, Cannabis has helped to curb morning pain, improve sleep and lower inflammation in joints. Hence the use of Cannabis in the treatment of RA and Multiple Joints Pain can be further promoted as it is also a cheaper and an effective alternative to the other available drugs.

Case study shared by Dr. Preeti Chhabra, Consultant Ayurvedacharya

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How Ayurveda can help to manage long-term pain in Osteoarthritis?

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Abstract: Osteoarthritis commonly referred to as OA is the most common joint disease and one of the most widespread of all chronic conditions managed in General Practice. Whilst its prevalence increases with age, a significant number of adults experience symptoms of OA earlier in life. Most cases of OA are not extraordinary, yet the individual experiences of the affected can help a health practitioner to fully understand the impact of the diseases in the overall population.

This case report was triggered by a patient who was eager to tell her story and also reach out to the others suffering from OA- as to how a simple Ayurveda drug helped her to manage her long term pain effectively. As the importance of narrative medicine is increasingly being recognized to have a positive impact on patients and also helps clinicians to strengthen their practices, a summary of this case highlighting the use of Trailokya Vijaya Vati was made.

Introduction

Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage that cushions the ends of our bones in our joints gradually deteriorates.

OA has often been referred to as a “wear and tear” disease. But besides the breakdown of cartilage, OA affects the entire joint. It causes changes in the bone and deterioration of the connective tissues that hold the joint together and attach muscle to bone. It also causes inflammation of joints.  

The pain and limited mobility in OA occurs as a result of destructed cartilages. Left bare of their padding, bones rub painfully against each other – particularly in the hands, spine, knees and hip. 

For years, there have been very limited treatment options available for OA. The treatments include pain management, steroidal injections, physiotherapy and surgery as a last resort. Out of these pain management is the best sought treatment as PAIN itself is a major symptom in this condition.

 Case Report

Patient description

A 48 yr old female was presented with complaints of pain in both knees for 8 years, since the last 3 months the pain had aggravated from moderate to severe to highly intolerable which was leading to increased anxiety and also restless sleep. The pain would increase on an activity like walking or climbing up the stairs and would be relieved by rest. 

Case history

The patient has no history of fall or trauma. She walked without a walking aid but requires support when there is a peak in pain. 

She has been on analgesics since when she doesn’t exactly remember, taking periodic physiotherapy sessions as advised by the doctor. She took Intra-articular injections a couple of times but the relief was temporary (6-8 months).  She was recently advised bilateral knee replacement by her doctor and she decided to give it a last go through an alternate option! The pain was her only concern.

Recently the severity of the pain was so intense that it was impossible for her to use stairs and she is sedentary most of the time. 

Physical Examination

  • BMI – 30 (Obese)
  • Gait – Antalgic
  • Fell – Mild crepitus is felt upon moving both knee joints.
  • ROM – Restricted and Painful
  • Blood Results – ESR and CRP raised

Treatment plan

Medicines to be used – Trailokya Vijaya Vati. After a thorough clinical examination, she was prescribed with Trilokaya Vijaya Vati with one tablet two times a day for a period of seven days initially.

Expected outcome of the treatment plan

The expected outcome was to relieve her of the pain and that the patient should get a sound sleep. 

Actual outcome

Within a week, she began to notice a distant difference in her pain.

Discussion

The treatment was focused on effective pain management as that was the only factor troubling the patient at this given point. The patient was not ready to undergo surgery thou she was counseled that she might need one over a period of 5 years or so. 

She was also prescribed other drugs effective on OA and mild exercises. Trailokya Vijaya Vati not only helped the patient with pain but also gave her a sound night’s sleep. The patient also reported being less cranky throughout the day. 

Conclusion

For years, treatments for OA have majorly being planned on physiotherapy, steroidal injections, and joint replacement surgery. But as pain management is now emerging as an individual branch, there has been an increased focus on pain management in the treatment of OA. 

Unlike Rheumatoid Arthritis, OA hasn’t had any major breakthroughs that have dramatically improved its medical treatment. Drug development for OA has been slow because the disease itself follows a slow process. 

Dr. Anirudha  Mohite, Consultant Ayurvedacharya

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